EXTENDED KALAM COSMOLOGICAL ARGUMENT1. It is metaphysically possible that God exists.2. If some state of affairs began to exist, then it had a cause for its beginning.3. If the Universe had a cause for its beginning, it is metaphysically possible that cause is God.4. The Universe is a state of affairs.5. The Universe began to exist.6. Therefore, the universe had a cause for its beginning. (Modus Ponens from P2)7. Therefore, it is metaphysically possible that cause is God. (Modus Ponens from P3)
@shoytI'm keen on exposing all of the hidden premises, so that's a good catch with P3. Thanks.As far as the composition fallacy goes, in my mind there has always been a tension between it and proper inductive inferences. Example -- If there was a cake store called "Chocolate Cake Co." and in the window you saw only chocolate cakes, and you stepped into the store and only saw chocolate cakes... would it be fallacious to infer "this store only sells chocolate cakes" or would that in fact be a proper inductive inference?Maybe another example would help, in the style of a crude syllogism--1. We often think of the Universe as a "system."2. We have many examples of "systems" that we can point to that are "caused systems."3. Therefore, it is (metaphysically) possible that the Universe is also a "caused system."Is the conclusion here fallacious or properly inductive? That's kinda what I'm getting at with the "tension."