historical jesus | Reasonable Faith Posts

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Visions of Jesus: A Critical Assessment of Gerd Lüdemann's Hallucination Hypothesis

Gerd Lüdemann has become one of the most prominent and sharpest critics of the historicity of the resurrection of Jesus. After igniting a firestorm of controversy in his native Germany, Lüdemann's writings have leapt the Atlantic to spark debate ...

Is God the Son Begotten in His Divine Nature?

Introduction On the Christian view God is not a single person, as traditionally conceived in Jewish monotheism, but is tri-personal. The New Testament church was sure that only one God existed, but it also affirmed that the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, while...

The Bodily Resurrection of Jesus

There are probably few events in the gospels for which the historical evidence is more compelling than for the resurrection of Jesus. Historical-critical studies during the second half of this century, increasingly freed from the lingering Deistical presupposi...

The Problem of Miracles:  A Historical and Philosophical Perspective

Nineteenth Century Collapse of Belief in Miracles There are two steps to follow in establishing that a miracle has occurred, according to the Göttingen professor of theology Gottfried Less in his Wahrheit der christlichen Religion (1758): first, one must...

The Historicity of the Empty Tomb of Jesus

Until recently the empty tomb has been widely regarded as both an offense to modern intelligence and an embarrassment for Christian faith; an offense because it implies a nature miracle akin to the resuscitation of a corpse and an embarrassment because it is n...

Creation, Providence, and Miracle

Creatio Ex Nihilo "In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth" (Gen. 1.1). With majestic simplicity the author of the opening chapter of Genesis thus differentiated his viewpoint, not only from that of the ancient creation myths of Israel's ne...

Theistic Critiques Of Atheism

Introduction The last half-century has witnessed a veritable revolution in Anglo-American philosophy. In a recent retrospective, the eminent Princeton philosopher Paul Benacerraf recalls what it was like doing philosophy at Princeton during the 1950s and '...

'Men Moved By The Holy Spirit Spoke From God' (2 Peter 1.21): A Middle Knowledge Perspective on Biblical Inspiration

Introduction             The Church has traditionally affirmed that the Bible is inspired by God and is therefore God’s Word to mankind, authoritative in all that it teaches.  The deeper apprec...

Is Penal Substitution Unjust?

Introduction Penal substitution in a theological context is the doctrine that God inflicted upon Christ the suffering which we deserved as the punishment for our sins, as a result of which we no longer deserve punishment.  Notice that this explication le...

Is Penal Substitution Incoherent?: An Examination Of Mark Murphy's Criticisms

Introduction In setting the stage for his own revisionary atonement theory, Mark Murphy criticizes the traditional Reformation theory of penal substitution as being conceptually incoherent. Our interest here is not in Murphy’s theory of the atonement of...

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